Nigeria faces a critical level of hunger as the Global Hunger Index 2020 ranks 98 out of 107 countries.
The country has also seen an increase from 7.6 percent in 2012 to 12.6 percent by 2020 of the share of undernourished in the population.
According to a consulting firm focused on Africa’s geopolitical research and strategic communications, SBM Intel’s report, the country’s food crisis is a result of insecurity from Boko Haram terrorists, bandits, and killer herders that have forced farmers to abandon their farmlands.
Other factors, however, are the lack of proper storage facilities, volatile oil prices, climate change, the rising cost of energy and logistics, stifling government policies, natural disasters, the Coronavirus pandemic, and currency devaluation.
According to the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report as published by SBM, food inflation has seen a 48.94% rise (from 15.04% to 22.95%).
SBM gathered reports from major food markets across the country and noted how people lamented devastating rising prices of food which have altered their normal daily living.
The prices of most staple food items in a typical Nigerian home, including rice, beans, egg, garri, plantain, yam, beef, palm oil, fish, pepper, tomatoes, onions, bread, and groundnut oil, have all surged.
In Lagos, a housewife disclosed to SBM that the food allowance her husband provides could no longer sustain the family. She precisely complained about her failure to buy monthly food items, which now occurs every two weeks, or save from the allowances while expenses keep increasing.
A trader in Lagos’s Balogun Market was very specific as to fish, saying that the border closure affected his ability to supplement his fish stock, forcing him to raise prices for the increasingly scarce stock he has.
Most of those interviewed in the low socio-economic echelons admitted they could no longer afford three square meals but had one whole meal daily supplemented with snacks.